Diet For Weight Loss Glossary

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Diet For Weight Loss Glossary A

 



Abdomen - Also known as the belly, is the part of the body between the chest and the pelvis (thorax) that helps support of the torso and protection of the inner organs.

Abdominal - Relating to the abdomen or belly.

Absorption - The absorbing of nutrients in the digestive tract.

Acetylcholine - A neurotransmitter that is composed of an ester of choline and acetic acid that enables brain cells to exchange messages.

Acid reflux - A condition where acid from the stomach leaks into the oesophagus and causes discomfort and a burning sensation in the throat.

Acidity - The measure of a molecule in pH that has lost hydrogen ions and behaves like an acid.

Acidosis - Increased acidity level in the blood. Opposite of alkalosis.

Acupuncture - Where needles are inserted into the skin at special points to treat certain physical conditions.

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) - A molecule that serves as an energy source for plants and animals. ATP breaks down into adenosine diphosphate and a another phosphate group that releases energy used to power the body's cells.

Adequate Intakes (AIs) - A measurement providing recommendations for nutrients for which no RDA is set.

Adipose Tissue - Tissue containing fat deposits and also known as fatty tissue.

Addiction - A condition characterized by substance dependence often brought about by chemical changes in the brain brought about by the drug itself. Addictive drugs include but are not limited to alcohol, cocaine, heroin and nicotine.

Adrenaline - A hormone also known as epinephrine that can produce the 'fight or flight response' amongst other things. When released into the body, adrenaline speeds up respiration and heart rate.

Alanine - An amino acid that transforms into glucose that the body can use as an energy source.

Albumin - A protein present in blood plasma that helps maintain the body's fluid balance.

Allergen - An antigen that produces a specific response in the immune system causing an allergic reaction.

Allergic reaction - A specific response of the immune system occurring when a substance that is usually considered harmless triggers it.

Alpha-tocopherol equivalent - The vitamin E compound with the greatest vitamin E activity.

Amino acid - A chemical containing nitrogen that is a building block used for the making of proteins.

Anaphylaxis - An allergic reaction with a drop in blood pressure and swelling of the tissues surrounding the airways that can be life-threatening.

Anemia - A condition caused by an insufficient number of red blood cells in the blood.

Anesthesia - A temporary loss of feeling or awareness used to help minimize or remove completely, pain that a patient would otherwise feel. A general anaesthetic puts the person to sleep whereas a local anesthetic is introduced locally without affecting the person's consciousness.

Anabolism - The process by which large molecules are built up from smaller molecules and the opposite of catabolism.

Angioplasty - The widening of narrow or obstructed arteries.

Anorexia nervosa - An eating disorder characterized by an irrational fear of gaining weight that is sometimes known as voluntary starvation. It is more common among women than among men.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) - A hormone that is secreted by the hypothalamus located at the base of the brain.

Anthropometric - A measurement of the characteristics of the human body such as size or proportion.

Antibiotic - A chemical that kills or prevents the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms.

Antibody - A protein created in the immune system that protects the body against infection.

Antioxidant - A molecule that prevents a chemical reaction called oxidation occurring. This stops the parts of a molecule called free radicals from joining together and forming a potentially dangerous compound in your body.

Appetite - A desire to eat food that can be a physical or psychological reaction brought about by hunger or a craving for food.

Arteriosclerosis - A general term used to describe the thickening or hardening of the arteries.

Aorta - The largest artery in the body extending from the heart to the abdomen that carries the majority of all blood to the rest of the body.

Arginine - An amino acid that is important for cell division and found in a wide variety of foods.

Artery - A blood vessel that carries oxygen rich blood away from the heart toward the body tissues.

Arthritis - An inflammation of the joints

Ascorbic Acid - Vitamin C.

Aspartame - An artificial sweetener with almost no calories used as a sugar substitute.

Aspartic acid - An amino acid produced in the body with the largest quantity found in the brain and known to increase neurological activity.

Assisted-living - A facility that provides meal preparation assistance as well as cleaning and other household tasks to help maintain independent living.

Asthma - A respiratory disorder producing shortness of breath and mucus production

Atherosclerosis - A hardening or thickening of the arteries and a leading cause of strokes and heart attacks.

Atkins Diet - A low-carbohydrate diet popularized by Dr. Robert C. Atkins. The diet allows for large amounts of meat, cheese and eggs while restricting carbohydrates, including sugar, bread, pasta, milk, fruits and vegetables.

Atole - A porridge made from maize, water and milk.

 

A Glossary of diet and weight loss terms can be found in alphabetic order below.

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M

N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

 


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