Diet For Weight Loss Glossary

Diet For Weight Loss
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Diet For Weight Loss Glossary P

 



Pain - An unpleasant sensation that can cause physical discomfort or suffering often caused by an illness or injury. Levels of pain can range from mild, localized discomfort to unbearable agony.

Pancreas - A gland located behind the stomach that produces enzymes and secretes digestive fluid into the intestines. The pancreas produces insulin and releases it into the bloodstream to help control the blood glucose levels.

Panniculectomy - A procedure for the removal of skin and fat from the abdomen. It is also known as a tummy tuck.

pantothenic acid - A B-vitamin vital to enzyme reactions that enable you to use carbohydrates and create steroid bio-chemicals such as hormones.

Paralysis - The inability to move.

Parasite - An organism that feeds from or lives on or in another organism and gives little or no benefit to its host. In some cases, it can be very detrimental to the health of the host.

Parenteral Nutrition - A solution containing nutrients that is administered intravenously.

Pasteurization - The partial sterilization of food by heating to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.

Pathogen - A virus, bacterium, fungus or other microorganism that causes disease.

pH - A level of acidity, with numbers less than 7 representing acidity and numbers greater than 7 representing alkalinity. The pH scale is measured from 0 to 14 with the number 7 being neutral.

Physical activity - Any form of physical exercise or movement that expends more energy than when at rest.

Phenylalanine - An essential amino acid present in most foods. It is important in assisting the brain to produce active chemicals like epinephrine.

Phenylketonuria (PKU) - A genetic disorder in which the enzyme responsible for metabolising phenylalanine into tyrosine is inactive. This can lead to a build-up of phenylalanine, which can cause brain damage.

Phospholipid - A lipid that is used to build cell membranes.

Physiological - Relating to the biochemical processes of the body.

Physiology - The biochemical and physical processes that together make a functioning living organism.

Phytate - A salt or ester of phytic acid found in whole grains and cereals.

Phytochemical - A chemical compound occurring naturally in plants. Beneficial effect are associated with phytochemicals with respect to a diet that includes lots of fruit and vegetables.

Phosphate - A salt or ester of phosphoric acid used in fertilizers.

Phosphorus - A poisonous combustible element on its own but when combined with other elements, some of the the compounds produced are essential for strong bones and teeth.

Phytonutrient - A nutrient found only in plants. These nutrients produce many of the beneficial effects associated with a diet that includes lots of fruits and vegetables.

Pituitary gland - A gland located at the base of the brain that regulates a number of body processes and is sometimes referred to as the master gland of the endocrine system.

Placebo - A substance used as a control in the testing of new medicines that has no therapeutic effect on the patient. However, there can be psychological effects on the patient if they believe the placebo to be real. Often called a fake treatment, ‘sugar pills’ are used as placebos.

Plaque - Fatty deposits of cholesterol that build up on the interior of artery walls

Polyunsaturated fat - A fat with long carbon chains that is used in some margarines and other man made products.

Polysaccharides - A carbohydrate with a large number of sugar molecules bonded together. Starch and cellulose are examples.

Postmenopausal - A period of time after the menopause.

Postop - A term used for Post-Operative or the period following a surgical operation. For the purposes of this diet for weight loss glossary, it is the period following weight loss surgery.

Potassium - A soft silvery-white alkali metal that when combined with another element is an important mineral contained mainly within cells and is essential for a healthy nervous system.

Pouch - A small stomach that is created during a bariatric surgery, such as a gastric bypass.

Pound - A unit of measurement of weight equal to 16 ounces or the metric equivalent of 0.4535924 kilograms.

Preop - A term used for Pre-Operative or the period before a surgical operation. It is the opposite of postop.

Progesterone - A female hormone associated with pregnancy and birth.

Protein - A complex nitrogenous organic compound consisting of large molecules composed of amino acids that play an important role in the many biological processes occurring in the body.

Protein digestion - The breakdown of proteins into amino acids in the digestive tract

Pulmonary - Relating to the lungs.

Pulmonary Hypertension - Increased blood pressure in the pulmonary artery that conveys blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
 

A Glossary of diet and weight loss terms can be found in alphabetic order below.

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M

N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

 


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