Diet For Weight Loss Glossary

Diet For Weight Loss
Choosing a properly balanced diet for weight loss.
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A method of weight loss that has been designed to fight your body's natural tendency of slowing down your metabolism when calorie intake is reduced.

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Diet For Weight Loss Glossary G

 



Galactosemia - An inherited disorder with a deficiency of the enzyme required to metabolize galactose in the body.

Galanin - A neurotransmitter released when fat stores require replenishing.

Gallbladder - A pear shaped organ beneath the liver that stores the bile secreted by the liver.

Gallstones - A solid crystalline deposit formed in the gallbladder that can cause severe pain and block the bile duct. Obesity can be a cause.

Gastric - Relating to the stomach.

Gastric Bypass - A surgical reduction of the stomach used to treat obesity in some individuals.

Gastric mucosa - The lining of the stomach.

Gastrointestinal - Relating to the stomach and intestines.

Gastrointestinal system - The digestive tract and the associated organs.

Gastrointestinal Surgery - Used to treat obesity. See bariatric surgery.

Gastrointestinal tract - The alimentary canal is a tubular passage of approximately 8 metres where food passes from the mouth to anus.

Gene - A hereditary sequence of DNA that codes for proteins, and thus determines the characteristics of organisms.

Gene expression - The use of a gene to make the protein it encodes.

Genetic - Relating to genes or heredity.

Genetic Disease - A disease or abnormality in an individual's genome that is inherited genetically.

Genetic engineering - The manipulation of genes to change the characteristics of an organism.

Genistein - An isoflavone found in certain plants including red clover and kudzu root.

Gestational Diabetes - A condition of glucose intolerance occurring during pregnancy that usually disappears after the baby has been born.

Ghrelin - A hormone produced by cells in the stomach lining and the pancreas. It is a hunger stimulation peptide that increases food intake and is important for the release of growth hormones.

Glucagon - A hormone that promotes the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver.

Glucosamine - An amino derivative needed to lubricate joints and build and preserve cartilage in the body.

Glucose - A simple monosaccharide sugar that is used in the body as the main source of energy and carried to each cell through the bloodstream.

Glutamic acid - A nonessential amino acid that is found in many animal and plant proteins.

Gluten - A protein found in wheat and foods processed from wheat.

Glycemic Index (GI) - A dietary index or ranking system that is used to rank carbohydrate-based foods according to how fast they are digested and raise blood glucose levels.

Glycerol - A simple colourless and odourless compound obtained from fat. It is also a by-product of soap.

Glycine - A nonessential amino acid that occurs in protein foods and acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter.

Glycogen - A polysaccharide that is the main carbohydrate storage material.

Glycolysis - A cellular reaction where there is a breakdown of glucose by enzymes.

Gout - A disease that is a form of arthritis and is caused by uric acid crystals collecting in the spaces around the joints, particularly the small bones in the feet.

Gram - A small unit of mass or weight equivalent to one thousands of a kilogram in the metric system.

Growth factor - A substance that is required for the stimulation of growth in living cells.

Growth hormone - A hormone produced by the pituitary gland that increases the rate of growth in the body.

Growth spurt - A period of rapid growth that is especially prevalent during puberty.


Guar gum - A food thickener made from the seed of the guar plant.

 

A Glossary of diet and weight loss terms can be found in alphabetic order below.

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M

N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

 


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Choosing a properly balanced diet food plan.
Diet Food Plan

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